Valentina Carraro and Hortense Jongen have successfully published their research paper in the academic journal Global Governance in October 2018.
The research article ‘Leaving the Doors Open or Keeping Them Closed? The Impact of Transparency on the Authority of Peer Reviews in International Organizations’ discusses the impact of transparency on the authority of peer reviews in international organizations.
The article is part of Global Governance, Volume 24, No.4, 2018.
Open access : https://doi.org/10.1163/19426720-02404008
Read the abstract:
Although transparency is frequently employed to enhance the legitimacy of public organizations, several scholars point to its potentially negative implications. This study analyzes the impact of transparency on the authority of peer reviews in international organizations. Authority, here conceived as rooted in legitimacy beliefs, is crucial for peer reviews to produce effects. This research is based on results from an online survey and forty-three interviews with actors involved in two United Nations peer reviews: the Universal Periodic Review in human rights and the Implementation Review Mechanism in the fight against corruption. The article shows that transparency positively affects the perceived development of pressure, yet negatively influences mutual learning and appears to be unable to ensure equal treatment of states.